Moringa Goat Farming

Moringa increase Goats & Ewe’s Milk Production and Growth of Lambs.

Comparative study on feeding value of Moringa leaves as a partial replacement for alfalfa hay in ewes and goats was conducted in Nov. 2016 by Animal Production Department, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University Saudi Arabia. The results of this study suggest that partial replacement of alfalfa hay with M. oleifera in the diet of ewes and goats positively affected their milk yield and composition. MOD had a greater effect on the milk yield of goats and growth performance of lambs. Oxidative status of milk and serum of both animals were improved after replacing their diets with M. oleifera. Thus, M. oleifera as a supplement in ruminant diets may be a promising way of improving the growth performance, milk yield and composition as well as minimizing the oxidative damage of milk and serum of ewes and goats.

Reference: http://www.livestockscience.com/article/S1871-1413(16)30254-2/pdf

Moringa improve Digestibility & Ruminal Health

Moringa oleifera as a protein source increase Feed intake, digestibility, ruminal fermentation, milk yield and  Milk composition and its fatty acids profile.

Research Studies Highlights

Improved milk yield by 12% with inclusion of Moringa in goat's diet.

Increased Total Unsaturated Fatty Acids (TUFA) milk content by 21.8% with inclusion of Moringa in diet.

Inclusion of Moringa in diet increased (CLA) conjugated linoleic Acids milk content by 54%

Decreased (TSFA) Total Saturated Fatty Acids contents in milk by 9.5% in goats fed on Moringa leaves.

Abstract

Sixteen lactating Anglo-Nubian goats (36.2 ± 0.7 kg BW) were used in quadruplicated 4 × 4 Latin square design to evaluate the inclusion of Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MLM) in their diets. M. oleifera leaf meal inclusion rates were 0 (M0 or control, no MLM, only sesame meal), 10 (M10), 15 (M15) and 20% (M20), replacing sesame meal by 0 (control), 50, 75 and 100%, respectively. Goats fed on M15 and M20 diets showed increased feed intake of most nutrients (P < 0.05). Moreover, dry matter, organic matter, and fibre digestibilities were increased (P < 0.05) with M15 diet. Goats fed on M15 diet showed increased (P < 0.05) ruminal pH, volatile fatty acids and propionate concentrations compared to the control diet. Blood glutamic-pyruvic transaminase concentration was increased (P < 0.05), and urea-N and cholesterol concentrations were decreased (P < 0.05) in goats fed MLM diets. Milk yield and energy corrected milk were increased (P < 0.01) in goats fed MLM, and the greatest increase was observed in the group fed the M15 diet. Feeding MLM also affected milk composition increasing (P < 0.05) total solids and lactose contents. Milk components outputs were increased in goats fed MLM compared to control (P < 0.01). The relative percentage of saturated fatty acids was decreased (P < 0.05), and those of unsaturated (mono- or poly-) fatty acids and of conjugated linoleic acid were increased (P < 0.05) in the milk of goats fed M15 and M20 diets. M. oleifera can replace sesame meal as a protein source in diets for lactating goats. The inclusion of MLM increased feed intake, enhanced nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation, increased milk yield and modified milk fatty acid profile positively. An inclusion rate of 15% MLM (replacing 75% of sesame meal) in the diet was the most suitable level for lactating goats under the current experiment conditions.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448815001972

Moringa increase nutrient intake, improved digestibility and nitrogen utilization for Weight gain and better growth.

Research studies was conducted to evaluate of Moringa Foliage (Moringa oleifera) as Goat Feed in Bangladesh and Malaysia in 2014.
Abstract
Thirty five growing male goats (6.98±0.86 kg BW) were divided into five equal groups with seven animals in each group. The five dietary treatments were consisted of varying proportions of Moringa foliage (Moringa oleifera) and napier grass (Pennisetum purpurium); T(100% Moringa foliage); T2 (75% Moringa foliage+25% napier grass); T3 (50% Moringa foliage+50% napier grass); T(25% Moringa foliage+75% napier grass) and T(100% napier grass) (control). The experiment was arranged in complete randomized design to evaluate the feed intake, nutrient digestibility and live weight gains of Bengal goats fed napier grass mixed with different levels of Moringa foliage. The dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP) and ash contents of the diets increased as the proportion of Moringa foliage increased and the reverse was seen for organic matter (OM) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) content. The DM intake was significantly (P<0.01) higher in sole Moringa diet than napier-Moringa foliage mixture and sole napier diet. Crude protein intake increased with higher inclusion level of Moringa foliage in the diet. The DM and OM digestibility of goats was significantly (P<0.01) higher in sole Moringa foliage diet than in other experimental diets. The CP digestibility was increased linearly with increasing level of Moringa foliage in the diet. Nitrogen retention was significantly (P<0.01) higher in sole Moringa and Moringa-napier mixture diets than in the sole napier grass diet. The mean daily average live weight gain followed a similar trend as the nitrogen retention which revealed that the nitrogen retention of all treatment groups was above the maintenance level of the animals. It is concluded that Moringa foliage can be replaced in goat diet up to 75% in napier grass based diet.

 Conclusion

Moringa inclusion at all levels increased nutrient intake, improved digestibility and nitrogen utilization with the highest values being observed with the sole Moringa foliage diet. Average body weight gain also increased with increasing levels of Moringa foliage. The highest performances in terms of feed intake, nutrient digestion, nitrogen utilization and bodyweight gain was obtained from the sole Moringa supplemented goat. It can be concluded that Moringa foliage could be replaced satisfactorily with up to 100% inclusion level.

http://ijas.iaurasht.ac.ir/article_516457.html